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Verb Forms in English

English verbs take a variety of forms depending on how they are used in a sentence. The main verb is conjugated, but other verbs may be in the infinitive or gerund form depending on the combination. Verb forms also depend on the passive or active voice. These verb form explanations will help you understand which verb forms are used.

Uses of the Verb To Have
Guide to the various uses of the verb to have in English. This page was prepared with English as a Second Language students in mind and can also be used in class or for reference.

Passive Voice
This reference guide to the passive voice provides usage, structure and examples to explain the use of the passive voice in English.

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Explanation of transitive and intransitive for ESL learners. Examples of verbs that are transitive, instransitive and those that can be used as both transitive and intransitive verbs.

Focus on the Verb - 'Use'
An in-depth guide to the various uses of the verb 'use' to express habit, and ability to cope with a given situation.

Guide to Reported Speech
Guide to learning and teaching reported speech for students and teachers. This guide includes a brief description, links to detailed explanations, quizzes, free lesson plans, related activities and worksheets.

English Verb Resources
Here is a guide to the extensive English verb resources at the site. Resources include information on verb conjugation, auxiliary verbs, phrasal verbs, verb patterns and more.

Causative Verbs
Explanation of the Engilsh causative verbs have and make with examples of structures and usage. For use in ESL and EFL classes.

English Verbs - Example Sentences in All Tenses
English learning resource providing example sentences of verbs in all tenses including active and passive forms, as well as conditional and modal forms.

'Be' - for beginners
Basic questions and conversations using the verb "to be".

Conditionals
Learn the conditional forms: Conditional 0, 1, 2, and 3 as well as some important exceptions to the rules.

Gerund Or Infinitive Learning Tool
Not sure whether the verb takes the '-ing' form or the infinitive? Use this great interactive tool to check which form is appropriate.

Passive Voice
Sometimes it's better to use the passive voice. For example: 'Fords are made in Detroit' is much better than 'Somebody makes Fords in Detroit'. Learn about the passive voice.

Reference: Irregular Verbs
Reference list of irregular English verbs

Reported Speech
Learn how to use reported speech. For example: "I will go to Paris" becomes "He said he would go to Paris".

English Gerund
How to use the English gerund when combining with other verbs, as subject of a sentence and more. Includes an extensive list of verbs that take other verbs in the gerund form.

Simple vs. Progressive Tenses
A guide to when use simple or progressive tenses for ESL classes and English learners with follow-up quiz.

What are Phrasal Verbs?
This guide provides a overview of phrasal verbs including a discussion of separable and inseparable phrasal verbs.

Separable Inseparable Phrasal Verbs
Discussion of separable and inseparable phrasal verbs focusing on phrasal verbs relating to money and financial transactions. Numerous examples are given with a special focus on phrasal verbs in a business setting.

What is a Verb?
What is a verb is a common question asked by learners of English. This guide to how verbs are used in English will help you recognize what a verb is and how to find them in sentences. Different verb types are discussed including active and stative verbs, active and passive voice and phrasal verbs.

Verbs + Gerund OR Infinitive that Change in Meaning
Many verbs take both the gerund and the infinitive, but change in meaning. This guide to the most common verbs that take both gerund and infinitive provides side by side comparisons of both forms and ample explanation of changes in meaning.

Verbs Followed by Infinitive
Verbs are often followed directly by the infinitive. This reference list to verbs followed by the infinitive provides the 38 most common verbs followed by the infinitive form. Each verb on this list includes two examples sentences to provide context.

Verbs Followed by the Gerund
Many verbs combine with ing. In other words, a number of verbs are followed by the gerund. These verbs need to be memorized. This reference list provides the most common of these verbs with two examples for each of the the more than thirty verbs in the list.

Verb + (Pro)noun + Infinitive
Reference guide to verbs followed by a pronoun, noun, or noun phrase and then the the infinitive. These examples with the infinitive form include two example sentences to provide context.

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