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Future Forms - Going to / Will

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Future Forms - Going to / Will
The future with 'Will' is used in a variety of situations discussing the future. Use the following forms with 'will'. Notice that 'will' or 'won't' is used for ALL subjects.

Positive

Subject + will + base form of verb + object(s)

Negative

Subject + will + not + base form of verb + object(s)

Question

(Question Word) + will + subject + base form of verb?

Used for spontaneous decisions. Spontaneous decisions are decisions made AT the moment of speaking.

Examples

Jack's hungry. I'll make her a sandwich.
That's difficult! I'll help you with the problem.

Used for predictions:

Examples

It will snow tomorrow.
She won't win the game.

Used for scheduled public events

Examples

The concert will begin at 8 o'clock.
When will the train leave?
The class won't start next week.

Used for promises

Examples

Will you marry me?
I'll help you with your homework after class.

Future with 'Going to'

The future with 'going to' is used to speak about future intentions or plans made before the present moment. Use the following forms with 'going to'.

Positive

Subject + to be + going to + base form of verb + object(s)

Negative

Subject + to be + not + going to + base form of verb + object(s)

Question

(Question Word) + to be + subject + going to + base form of verb?

Examples We are going to study French next semester.
Where are you going to stay in France?
She isn't going to take a vacation this year.

Used for planned decisions. Planned decisions are decisions made BEFORE the moment of speaking.

Examples

I'm going to study Languages at university next year.
We're going to stay at the Hilton in New York next week.

Used for predicting an action that you see is about to happen:

Examples

Watch out! You're going to hit that car!
Look at those clouds. It's going to rain.

Used for future intentions:

Examples

I'm going to be a policeman when I grow up.
Katherine is going to study English when she goes to University.

Test your understanding with this short quiz.

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