Overview of Too and Enough
'Too' and 'Enough' can modify both nouns, adjectives and adverbs. 'Too' indicates that there is too much of a quality, or too much or too many of some object. 'Enough' means that there is no need for more of a quality or object. Here are some examples:
She's too sad these days. I wonder what's wrong.
I don't have enough sugar. Let's go to the supermarket.
You're driving too slowly!
There are too many students in this class. It should be smaller.
This test is difficult enough already!
We have too much pollution in the world.
Focus on Enough
Reading the examples you may notice that 'enough' is sometimes placed before the word it modifies. For example:
What do we need for dinner? I think we have enough vegetables, don't we?
She feels that Tom has more than enough time to help.
In the other examples, 'enough' is placed after the word in modifies. For example:
You should ask John for help he's rich enough to help us all!
I don't think they are smart enough to take that class.
Take a look at the words modified in the examples above. You will note that 'enough' is placed in front of the nouns 'vegetables' and 'time'. 'Enough' is placed after the adjectives 'rich' and 'smart'. If you are unsure what a noun or an adjective is, please review parts of speech.
Rules for Enough
Adjective + Enough
Place 'enough' directly after the adjective modified when using 'enough' as an adverb to mean to the required degree or extent.
He's not patient enough to understand children.
My friend wasn't intelligent enough to take the job.
Adverb + Enough
Place 'enough' directly after the adverb modified when using 'enough' as an adverb to mean to the required degree or extent.
Peter drove slowly enough for us to look at all the houses.
The students studied carefully enough to do well on the exam.
Enough + Noun
Place 'enough' directly before a noun to state that there is as much or as many as required.
Do you have enough money for your vacation?
I'm afraid we don't have enough oranges to make the dessert.
Practice your understanding by taking the enough quiz testing the grammar points introduced above.
Focus on Too
Reading the examples you can notice that 'too' is used with nouns, adjectives and adverbs. However, when using 'too' with nouns, 'too' is followed by 'much' or 'many'. The choice of 'too much' or 'too many' depends on whether the noun modified is countable or uncountable, also referred to as count and non-count nouns.
Anna is too concerned about her grades.
The boys are too crazy today!
We have too many books in this room.
There is too much information to learn these days.
Rules for Too
Too + Adjective
Place 'too' before adjectives to state that something has an excess amount of a quality.
He's too angry about that incident.
Mary is too anxious about her cousin.
Too + Adverb
Place 'too' before adverbs to state that someone is doing something to an excess or more than necessary.
That man is driving too slowly. I wonder if he's been drinking.
You are speaking too rudely to that man. It's important to be kind!
Too Much + Uncountable Noun
Place 'too much' before uncountable nouns to state that there is an excess amount of an object.
We have too much time on our hands this weekend.
You've put too much sugar in the cake.
Too Many + Countable Noun
Place 'too many' before plurals of countable nouns to state that there is an excess number of an object.
Franca has too many problems to deal with this week.
The boys have bought too many clothes. Let's take some of them back to the store.