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Eight Parts of Speech for ESL Learners


Words are used to form patterns of English grammar and syntax. Each word falls into one of eight categories referred to as parts of speech. Here are the eight commonly recognized parts of speech.

Certain words have further categorization such as: adverbs of frequency: always, sometimes, often, etc. or determiners: this, that, these, those . However, the basic categorization of words in English fall into these eight categories.

Once you've studied the eight parts of speech you can test your understanding with these two parts of speech quizzes:

Beginner Parts of Speech Quiz
Advanced Parts of Speech Quiz

The Eight Parts of Speech Noun

A word which is a person, place, thing or idea. Nouns can be countable or uncountable.


Mount Everest, book, horse, Peter, strength, car, Empire State Building, China, house, child


A word that is used to take the place of a noun. There are a number of pronouns such as subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive and demonstrative pronouns.


I, they, their, ourselves, itself, your, my, nobody, who, which, her, we


A word that is used to describe a noun or pronoun. There are various types of adjectives which can be studied in more depth on the adjective page.


proud, purple, French, few, this, huge, sad, second, none


A word that indicates an action, being or state or being.


play, run, think, study, smell, wait, be, drive, renounce, fill


A word that is used to describe a verb which tells how, where, or when something is done.


carefully, often, very, intelligently, quite, too, rarely, never


A word that is used to join words or groups of words. Conjunctions are used to connect two sentences into one more complex sentence.


and, or, but, neither, because, while, since, although


A word used indicating the relationship between a noun or pronoun to another word. There are numerous prepositions in English used in a variety of manners.


in, until, of, from, after, under, beyond, across, toward


A single word used to express strong emotion.


Wow! Ah! Oh! No!

Test your understanding with these two parts of speech quizzes:

Beginner Parts of Speech Quiz
Advanced Parts of Speech Quiz

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