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English Grammar Structures and Forms Explained for ESL EFL

English grammar structures and forms explainations including reference sheets for beginning, intermediate, upper and advanced level ESL EFL English classes and learners.
  1. Tenses (34)
  2. Verb Forms (24)
  3. Conditionals (8)
  4. Functional English (21)
  5. Question Forms (12)

'Such' and 'So'
This guide to the differences between usage in so and such to provide reasons for doing something for English learners.

Adjective Placement
uide to correct adjective order and placement in sentences for English learners.

English Prepositions
List of the most important English prepositions for English language learners.

Possessive Nouns and Possessive Adjectives
Review and guide to possessive forms including possessive nouns, possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns for lower level English learners and classes.

Focus on Adjectives Ending in -ic and -ical
Focus on Adjectives Ending in -ic and -ical for ESL Classes and Learners. This overview provides example sentences and a clear explanation of the differences between these two forms.

Intensifying Adjectives
A guide to the use of intensifying adjectives to describe non-physical nouns

Grammar Terminology Reference
The Most Important Terminology for Advanced ESL EFL students of English Grammar in convenient reference form

Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses
A look at the proper usage of relative clauses for upper level ESL EFL TEFL TESOL TOEFL English learners, classes and teachers - including follow-up quizzes

Reflexive Pronouns in English
Rules and usage for reflexive pronouns in English including examples and problem areas for ESL students.

Differences between Action and Stative Verbs
Description of the differences between action and stative verbs for ESL and EFL classes.

Guide to the Comparative Form and Superlative Form
Guide to learning the comparative and superlative forms for students and teachers. This guide includes a brief description, links to detailed explanations, quizzes, free lesson plans, related activities and worksheets.

English Contractions
List of English contractions with full verb and example sentences for ESL students.

Book Recommendations for Advanced English Learning
Recommendations for every advanced level American English or British English learner including course book, grammar books, exercise book, dictionary and vocabulary building resources.

'Some' and 'Any' for beginners
Use of "some" and "any" - and "some" and "any" words such as something, anywhere, somebody, etc.

'Was'- for beginners
The simple past form of the verb "to be".

A, An, The
"A, An, The" definite and indefinite articles in English - Beginners Guide to indefinite articles

Adjective Order
Guideline to the correct order of adjectives when using more than one adjective to describe a noun (i.e., an interesting old English book).

Adjectives or Adverb?
Sometimes students are not sure when to use an adverb or an adjective. This short guide provides an overview and rules to using both adjectives and adverbs.

Adjectives
The basic rules for using adjectives in English.

Adverbs
The basic rules for using adverbs in English.

Auxiliary Verb Usage in English
Knowing correct auxiliary verb usage is key to tense usage. Every tense takes an auxiliary form of the verb. This guide to auxiliary verb provides an overview and quiz of auxiliary verb usage in English.

Basic English Punctuation Rules
This guide provides instruction on the basic rules of using a period, comma, colon, semicolon, question mark and exclamation point. It is intended for intermediate to advanced level ESL EFL English classes.

Business English Reference
Top business English books for English as special purposes learners and teachers. These books can help you improve your English for specific business situations.

Comparative and Superlative Forms
Quiz Review of comparative and superlative forms.

Contractions
When we use contractions (He's, We've etc.) in English including when to use contractions in written English.

Discourse Markers
Formal English is more difficult than informal English. Furthermore, ideas need to flow logically from one another. This is an example of two sentences connected by a discourse marker. Use this guide to help you or your students express their ideas well.

Do or Make Explained
Do or Make? One of the most common problems for beginners and intermediate learners. They both have similar meanings, but there are differences. Here is a review sheet explaining the difference between the two verbs, providing key collocations and followed up by a quiz testing your knowledge.

English Grammar Workbooks
Top grammar workbook recommendations for English as a Second Language students and teachers. These grammar workbooks are used in both the UK and the United States for classes and self-study from beginning to advanced levels.

Grammar Terminology Reference
Extract with a follow-up guide giving examples of the most important grammar terminology. Quickly brush-up your or your class' understanding of key grammar terminology, while at the same time reviewing some basic grammar concepts.

Grammar Terminology
This feature presents an extract with a follow-up guide giving examples of the most important grammar terminology. By quickly reviewing this reference sheet, you can quickly brush-up your or your class' understanding of key grammar terminology, while at the same time reviewing some basic grammar concepts.

Guide to Countable and Uncountable Nouns
A guide to the basics of countable and uncountable nouns in English for ESL EFL classes including a discussion of commonly confused uncountable nouns as well as the most common container or quantity expressions used with uncountable nouns such as cheese, information, etc.

Impersonal Subjects and Gerunds
When making general statements about an activity we can use two forms in English. Grammar explaination and quiz for upper intermediate to advanced level classes and students.

Modal Verbs 'Can' and 'Be Able to'
Learn about the modal verbs 'can' and 'be able to'.

Modal Verbs 'Must' and 'Have to'
Learn about these commonly confused modal verbs that seem to mean the same thing, but really don't...

Modals - conjugation
Learn about how modals are formed in the various tenses.

Paired Conjunctions - both ... and, not only ... but also, e
Paired conjunctions are especially useful for formal written English. Use this quiz to check your understanding of how these forms are used.

Past and Past Participle Learning Tool
Go - went - gone, come - came -come, sing - sang - ? Having problems memorizing irregular past verbs? Practice the forms with this interactive tool.

Plurals
How to form plurals in English.

Quantifiers - much, many, some, few, etc.
Various quantifiers are used based on whether the noun is countable or uncountable, sentence position and negative, positive, or question form. Check your understanding of quantifiers with this quiz.

Recommended Books for Intermediate English Learners
Recommendations for every intermediate level English learner including course book, grammar books, exercise book, dictionary and appropriate software.

Relative Clauses
Relative clauses provide extra information. This information can either define something (defining clause), or provide unnecessary, but interesting, added information (non-defining clause).

Uses of 'Like'
'Like' is used in various forms for VERY different questions. Check your understanding of the usage of 'like' with this quiz.

Visual Guide to Prepositions of Place
Take note of where Bob is in relationship to the objects in the pictures to help improve your understanding of prepositions of place.

What are Adverbs?
There are five different types of adverbs. This feature explains each of the five adverbs types, adverb spelling and adverb placement, as well as exceptions to the rules.

What are pronouns?
Here is a guide to the four basic types of pronouns: subject, object, possessive and demonstrative. This overview provides a simple introduction for beginners or a quick review for other level students.

Adverb Placement in English
Guide to how to adverb placement in English for English language learners and classes.

Difference between OF and FROM in English
A discussion of the differences between of and from in English which often cause learners difficulty.

Expressing Quantity
This guide to expressing quantity in English focuses on common expressions used to express large quantities for both countable and uncountable nouns.

Direct Objects
Explanation of direct objects especially written for English as a Second Language or Foreign Language learners. A variety of direct object types are explained and examples are included to illustrate.

Indirect Objects
Explanation of indirect objects especially written for English as a Second Language or Foreign Language learners. A variety of direct object types are explained and examples are included to illustrate.

Exceptions to the Rule
Discussion of the exceptions to the rule when using do and did in the positive to disagree or stress information for English learners.

Types of Nouns
Different types of nouns include concrete and abstract nouns, countable and uncountable nouns, pronouns, common nouns and collective nouns. These different types of nouns have special rules of definite and indefinite article usage, as well as singular or plural verb conjugation.

Possessive Pronouns
Review and guide to possessive pronouns in English. Possessive pronouns are usually placed at the end of sentences and include 'mine', 'yours', etc.

Participles
This guide to participles discusses the various uses of the present and past participles in easy English with multiple examples of each learning point.

Contractions Grammar
Contractions' grammar follow rules of auxiliary verb usage as the auxiliary verb is changed through the use of an apostrophe. This discussion of the use of contractions provides many examples and instructions on when to use contractions in English.

Word Order in English
This guide to basic word order will help you understand where to place adjectives, adverbs, direct and indirect objects in relation to verbs and subjects in English sentences.

Indirect Questions
Guide to forming indirect questions for ESL learners and classes with example situations and questions.

Wh Questions
Guide to wh questions such as where, when, what, who, as well as how, including examples of correct usage.

Asking Polite Questions
A quick review of the three forms used to ask questions in English with special attention to asking polite questions.

I Wish I Had
This guide to expressing wishes explains the common phrase I wish I had and similar expressions used to express wishes in the present and the past.

Would Rather
This guide to the expression would rather goes into detail of the usage of would rather to express preferences with example sentences and structure explanations.

How to Use an Apostrophe
Apostrophes are used to show possession and in contractions. At times the use of an apostrophe can be a little confusing when using the singular or plural form of the verb. Learn the rules with this guide on how to use apostrophes.

Reduced Adverb Clauses
Adverb clauses are dependent clauses used to provide a reason, time, manner, place or condition. Learn which type of adverb clauses can be reduced and how to reduce them in this step by step tutorial.

Reduced Relative Clauses
Reduced relative clauses refers to taking a relative clause and reducing it to just a modified noun. This sheet provides step by step instructions on how to reduced relative clauses in a number of ways.

Understanding Infinitive Use in English
Infinitives (i.e. to do, to play, etc.) can be used as much more than verbs. They can function as they subject, object of a verb, adjective or adverbs. Learn how to use infinitives in creative ways in your sentences.

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