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Word Analogies

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Using words analogies is a useful way of building vocabulary. Word analogies can be created using many different categories. Here is a simple example of a word analogy:

Hot is to cold as up is to down OR hot -> cold | up -> down

This is an example of a word analogy using antonyms. Here are a number of word analogies in a wide variety of categories. Once you or your class have studied these word analogies, make sure to take the word analogies quiz to help review the word analogies you have learned.

Word Analogies: Antonyms or Opposites

hot -> cold | up -> down
black -> white | happy -> sad
laugh -> cry | rich -> poor
crazy -> sane | large -> small

Word Analogies: Relationships Expressing a Part of the Whole

eye -> head | finger -> hand
cent -> dollar | inch -> foot
eraser -> pencil | CPU -> computer
wheel -> car | sink -> plumbing

Word Analogies: Relationships Between Numbers

one -> two | two -> four
1/2 -> 1 | 10 -> 20
six -> thirty-six | two -> four
100 -> 1,000 | 1,000 -> 10,000

Word Analogies: Sequences

breakfast -> lunch | morning -> afternoon
Monday -> Tuesday | AM -> PM
work -> earn | plant -> harvest
leave -> arrive | get up -> go to sleep

Word Analogies: Objects and Their Uses (noun -> verb)

pen -> write | food -> eat
lawn -> mow | coffee -> drink
sugar -> sweeten | ball -> throw
button -> push | letter -> mail

Word Analogies: Objects and Their Users (thing -> person)

library -> student | computer -> programmer
car -> driver | piano -> musician
brush -> painter | football -> quarterback
doll -> child | cell phone -> teenager

Word Analogies: Grammatical Relationships

I -> me | He -> him
drive -> driven | fly -> flown
to think -> thinking | to shout -> shouting
some -> any | already -> yet

Word Analogies: Group Relationships

student -> class | member -> club
player -> team | representative -> congress
judge -> court | policeman -> police force
violin player -> orchestra | teller -> bank

Word Analogies: Cause and Effect (adjective -> verb)

thirsty -> drink | tired -> sleep
dirty -> wash | funny -> laugh
wet -> dry | hot -> cool down
curious -> ask | sad -> cry

Check your understanding of these word analogies with this word analogies quiz. Here is another idea: Print out this page (click on the 'print' icon in the upper right hand corner of the page, and invent some more word analogies for each catagory!

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