One of the most common mistakes students make in reading is to try to understand each and every word they read. The switch to reading in English leads them to forget important reading skills they've learned in their own native languages. These skills include skimming, scanning, intensive and extensive reading. Use this lesson plan to help remind students of theses skills they already possess, as well as encourage them to use these skills in English.
Scanning is used to discover required information to complete a given task such as making a decision about what to watch on TV, or which museum to visit while visiting a foreign city. Ask students NOT to read the excerpt before they begin the exercise, but rather, to focus on completing the task based on what the question requires. It is probably a good idea to do some awareness raising of the various types of reading skills that they use naturally in their own mother tongue (i.e. extensive, intensive, skimming, scanning) before beginning this exercise.
Aim: Reading practice focusing on scanning
Activity: Comprehension questions used as cues for scanning a TV schedule
- Do a short awareness raising session by asking students how they go about making decisions based on schedules, short articles etc. Focus on whether they read every word and if the read in strict order when making such a decision in their own mother tongue.
- Remind them that this process is the same in English and does not require that they understand every word perfectly.
- Distribute comprehension questions and TV schedule to students.
- Make a special point of asking students to complete the exercise by first reading the question and then scanning for the appropriate answer.
- Ask students to use the TV schedule to answer the questions. To increase difficulty add a timing element (this should help students who insist on understanding every word to not do so).
- Correct activity as a class.
- Extend activity by bringing in a number of magazines concerning travel, entertainment or a similar activity and asking students to complete a given task - for example finding a destination they would like to visit or choosing a film they would like to see. Once again, ask students to do the exercise by scanning and not reading each word.
What's On?First read the following questions and then use the TV Schedule to find the answers.
- Jack has a video - can he watch both documentaries without having to make a video?
- Is there a show about making good investments?
- You are thinking about traveling to the USA for a vacation. Which show should you watch?
- Your friend doesn't have a TV, but would like to watch a film starring Tom Cruise. Which film should you record on your video?
- Peter is interested in wild animals which show should he watch?
- Which sport can you watch that takes place outside?
- Which sport can you watch that takes place inside?
- You like modern art. Which documentary should you watch?
- How often can you watch the news?
- Is there a horror film on this evening?
6.00 p.m.: National News - join Jack Parsons for your daily news roundup.
6.00 p.m.: In-Depth News - In-depth coverage of the most important national and international news stories.
6.00 p.m.: Travel Abroad - This week we travel to sunny California!
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