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Absolute Beginner English Basic Adjectives

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At this point students are able to identify a number of basic objects. Now is a good time to introduce some basic adjectives to describe those objects. You will need to bring in some illustrations of similar objects that look different.

Prepare the lesson by writing a number of adjectives on the board. I like to use adjectives that are paired in opposites and I would suggest the following:

  • beautiful - ugly
  • old - new
  • hot - cold
  • old - young
  • big - small
  • cheap - expensive
  • thick - thin
  • empty - full

Notice that you should use adjectives which describe the outward appearance of things because students have only learned basic everyday object vocabulary up to now.

Teacher: (Take two illustrations which show similar objects in different states.) This is an old car. This is a new car.

Teacher: (Take two illustrations which show similar objects in different states.) This is a beautiful city. This is an ugly city.

Continue pointing out the differences between the various objects.

Part II: Getting Students to Describe Illustrations

(Once you feel comfortable that students are familiar with these new adjectives, begin to ask students questions.)

Teacher: What is this?

Student(s): That is an old house.

Teacher: What is this?

Student(s): That is a cheap bag.

Continue choosing between the various objects.

Part III: Students ask questions

Teacher: (Hand out the various images to the students, you can also make a game out of this by turning over the images and having students choose one from the pile.)

Teacher: Paolo, ask Susan a question.

Student(s): Is this a new hat? OR What is this?

Student(s): Yes, that is a new hat. OR No, that isn't a new hat, it is an old hat.

Teacher: (Continue around the room)

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