1. Education
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Discuss in my forum

What are Adverbs?

By

Adjective Changes to Adverb
Question: What are Adverbs?
Adverbs are used to modify verbs. They can describe how, when, where, and how often something is done. Here is a guide to the five types of adverbs.
Answer: eight parts of speech

The Five Types of Adverbs

Adverbs of Manner: Adverbs of manner provide information on how someone does something.

For example: Jack drives very carefully. Adverbs are one of the eight parts of speech.

Adverbs of Time: Adverbs of time provide information on when something happens.

For example: We'll let you know our decision next week.

Adverbs of Frequency: Adverbs of frequency provide information on how often something happens.

For example: They usually get to work at eight o'clock.

Once you have studied adverbs of frequency, try this adverbs of frequency quiz to test your knowledge. To review the rules of adverbs of frequency this complete guide will help.

Adverbs of Degree: Adverbs of degree provide information concerning how much of something is done. For example: They like playing golf a lot.

Adverbs of Comment: Adverbs of comment provide a comment, or opinion about a situation.

For example: Fortunately, there were enough seats left for the concert.

Adverb Formation

Adverbs are usually formed by adding '-ly' to an adjective.

For example: quiet - quietly, careful - carefully, careless - carelessly

Adjectives ending in '-le' change to '-ly'.

For example: possible - possibly, probable - probably, incredible - incredibly

Adjectives ending in '-y' change to '-ily'.

For example: lucky - luckily, happy - happily, angry - angrily

Adjectives ending in '-ic' change to '-ically'.

For example: basic - basically, ironic - ironically, scientific - scientifically Some adjectives are irregular. The most common irregular adverbs are: good - well, hard - hard, fast -fast

Adverb Sentence Placement

Adverbs of Manner: Adverbs of manner are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence).

For example: Their teacher speaks quickly.

Adverbs of Time: Adverbs of time are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence).

For example: She visited her friends last year.

Adverbs of Frequency: Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb (not the auxiliary verb).

For example: He often goes to bed late. Do you sometimes get up early?

Adverbs of Degree: Adverbs of degree are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence).

For example: She'll attend the meeting as well.

Adverbs of Comment: Adverbs of comment are placed at the beginning of a sentence.

For example: Luckily, I was able to come to the presentation.

Important Exceptions to Adverb Placement

Some adverbs are placed at the beginning of a sentence to provide more emphasis.

For example: Now you tell me you can't come!

Adverbs of frequency are placed after the verb 'to be' when used as the main verb of the sentence.

For example: Jack is often late for work.

Some adverbs of frequency (sometimes, usually, normally) are also placed at the beginning of the sentence for emphasis.

For example: Sometimes I visit my friends in London.

  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. English as 2nd Language
  4. Intermediate English
  5. Intermediate Grammar
  6. Adverbs - Definition and Examples for ESL Students

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.