Use of Time Expressions
Time expressions are often the key to understanding and planning written work. Students can improve their written and spoken accuracy by having a good grasp of the relationship between time expressions and tenses. This lesson includes an identification and matching exercise and is followed by a longer sentence construction exercise to give students practice in correct sentence structure.
Aim: Increased awareness and/or review of relationship between time expressions and tenses
Activity: Identification and matching exercise, followed by sentence completion
Level: Intermediate to Upper Intermediate
- Write a number of time expressions on the board and ask students to identify which tenses can be used with the various time expressions.
- Shortly review the more difficult time expressions with the class.
- Distribute worksheet.
- Have students work together in small groups to complete the first exercise.
- Correct the exercise in class, making sure to review problem areas.
- Have students complete the written work by themselves.
- Ask students to exchange the exercise and check each other's work - this helps students further inductively improve their skills by seeing how other students have used the time expressions.
- Finish with a follow up discussion of any problematic areas.
- Have students write an autobiography or biography of a famous person employing the time expressions employed in the lesson.
Draw a line to the time expression with the sentence fragment. Complete by drawing a line to the correct tense identification.
|Sentence Fragment||Time Expression||Tense Used|
John will have completed the fourth grade...
We are studying Roman history...
They haven't finished their homework...
Jack gets up early...
...I will give you a ring.
I began skiing...
...she was reading a book.
He had been waiting...
I used to play tennis every day...
Maria has been living in Pisa...
I will be sleeping...
We've been to Paris ...
I'm going to visit Germany...
....she had already eaten dinner.
...at the moment.
As soon as I arrive,...
...when I was a child.
...for two hours when you arrived.
When I arrived,...
...three times this year.
...by next June.
at this time tomorrow.
When we arrived,...
...five years ago.
present perfect continuous
future time clause
present perfect continuous
past perfect continuous
- ...when I was younger.
- ...for many years.
- ...this time next week.
- ...at(on) weekends.
- After he finishes his homework,...
- By the time you receive this letter,...
- ...three years ago.
- ...this week.
- ...since 1996.
- ...while I was watching TV.
- ...next year.
- ...in June.
Back to lessons resource page