English Pronunciation Practice Exercises 2
First, you need to be able to immediately distinguish between content and function words. Write down 'C' for content and 'F' for function. When you have finished click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly.
Example: magazine (C) as (F) many (F)
- in order to
- in front of
Next, take a look at the sentences and mark the words that should be stressed. Once you have decided, click on the arrow to see if you have chosen the correct words.
Example: Jack (yes) went (yes) to the shop (yes) to grab (yes) some coke (yes).
- Unfortunately, Jack wasn't able to finish on time.
- As soon as he has collected the results he will post them to his website.
- Peter bought shoes today.
- There should have been some replies by now.
- Knowledge creates opportunities where none have existed before.
Notice how some of the shorter sentences actually have more stressed words than the longer ones (2 compared to 3). These shorter sentences can often take longer to speak than longer sentences with many function words!!!
English is a very rhythmic language because of this tendency to accent only certain words. For this reason, you should practice using your ear as much as possible. Often repeating spoken English without looking at the written sentence can also help you learn this 'music' of the language. Click on the audio symbol below to listen to five sentences. Each sentence will be repeated three times with gaps in-between so that you can try repeating the sentences yourself. If you need some help, here are the sentences which you can listen to and read while working on this exercise.
Finally, practice speaking through the sentences below. First speak the sentence trying to carefully pronounce EVERY word. Notice how unnatural this sounds (as in the listening exercise above showing the contrast between this unnatural pronunciation and the natural way of speaking). Next, focus on speaking the sentences only working on stressing the content words. Tape yourself doing this and you will be surprised at how quickly your pronunciation improves!
- By the time he receives this letter, I will have caught the train to Paris.
- Following closely behind the herd was a group of filthy, disgusting vultures.
- I'll make sure to give him a ring the next time I'm in town.
- Not only are the exams required, but they are also absolutely imperative for your further education.
- Hey, have you seen the new film with Bruce Willis? You know, the one where he's supposed to be a sensitive doctor.
For more information on the basics of the stress-timed nature of English, please refer to:
Intonation and Stress: Key to Understanding
This feature takes a look at how intonation and stress influence the way English is spoken.
How to Improve Your Pronunciation
This "how to" focuses on improving your pronunciation through the recognition of the "time-stressed" character of English.